the painted surface
How To Paint New Doors - page 1
How to paint new wood doors such as: Flush Doors, French Doors, Wood Panel Doors and Louver Doors. Also, how to paint new fiberglass doors such as: Fiberglass Panel Doors and Fiberglass French Doors.
General Recommendations For Finishing and Painting Wood, Steel and Fiberglass Doors
- Read and follow all installation and finishing instructions regarding your specific door to learn the needed finishing product requirements. Be sure all patching compounds, cleaners, primers, and paints are suitable for the door.
- Use top quality products for the best protection, durability and appearance.
- Vinyl components do not require finishing but should be finished to prevent discoloration and weathering. Finishing the vinyl components will ensure a consistent overall appearance.
- Plan to finish both sides and the four edges of the door, including the cut-outs for the hardware plus any mouldings and trim to ensure protection from the elements, consistent moisture exposure and to control expansion and contraction. Failing to finish all surfaces and edges may void your warranty.
- Hang the door prior to finishing it, then if desired remove it to finish it.
- Important! Factory primed steel and fiberglass doors must be finished within thirty days of installation.
- Important! Factory primed wood doors, mouldings and trim must be finished within fourteen days of installation.
- Important! Raw wood doors, mouldings and trim not factory primed must be finished within seven days of installation.
Storage and Handling Recommendations
- Allow the door to acclimate for at least 24 hours to where it will be installed.
- Prior to installation store doors flat on a level surface in a dry, well ventilated building away from direct sunlight. Any protective covering should allow circulation of air around the door. If a stack of doors is stored they should be sticked to separate them from the floor and each other allowing air circulation.
- Whenever possible store the doors where the temperature and humidity is regulated to normal living conditions.
- Handle the door with clean hands or while wearing clean gloves. Embedded grease, oil or dirt can cause inadequate adhesion of the finishing products.
- Lift and carry the door when moving it. To avoid scratching and scarring the door do not drag it over another door or across the floor.
Tools and Materials You Might Need
Not all of these tools and materials may be needed with every door project but its a good idea to plan ahead and have on hand what you will need.
- Cleaners - non-abrasive soap, vinegar and water, glass cleaner
- Solvents - denatured alcohol, mineral spirits, paint thinner
- Masking tape - FrogTape® or blue clean release tape
- Sandpaper - 120 to 220 grit, finer or coarser as needed
- Rags - cheesecloth, wiping rags, tack cloth
- Flexible abrasives - sanding sponges, plastic or steel wool
- Primer - oil-based is recommended, acrylic primers can be used but on wood doors they are more likely to raise the grain, oil-based primers will seal stains better and are easier to sand smoothly
- Paint - 100% acrylic is recommended for exterior applications, interior side can be oil (alkyd) or water-based (acrylic)
- Personal protection - safety glasses and solvent resistant gloves
- Dropcloths - non-porous
- Baggies - to store or separate screws, hinges and hardware
- Hand tools - screwdrivers, allen or hex wrenches, hammer, nail punch, utility knife, putty knife, paint can opener, stir sticks
- Power tools - vacuum, power drill, finish sander, paint sprayer, fan
- Brushes - natural bristle, synthetic bristle, foam brush, duster brush
Front Door Types and Instructions
Real Wood Doors to be Painted (including trim, mouldings and carvings)
- Remove all hardware and insulation strips.
- If needed, clean the door with a non-abrasive cleaner and allow the door to dry completely.
- Sand the door with 150 to 200 grit sandpaper to achieve an overall consistent surface.
- Wood panels can float within the frames and may become off center, re-align them with a hammer and a padded wood block.
- Vacuum and wipe the door with a tack rag to remove dust and debris.
- Optional - Mask (tape) off all surfaces that will not be painted.
- If the door is to be finished while it is hanging remove the door and finish the top and bottom edges then rehang the door.
- The Paint a Six Panel Door page gives some tips and a painting scheme for painting six panel doors.
- Apply a smooth coat of oil-based primer.
- If the door includes glass the primer should slightly overlap onto the glass to create a seal between the wood frame and glass.
- After the primer is dry the door may need to be sanded lightly to smooth the surface, a sanding sponge will work well to sand mouldings and curved or shaped surfaces, try not to sand thru the primer.
- Vacuum and tack rag again to remove sanding dust.
- Spot prime where the primer was sanded through or stains that may bleed through.
- Apply the first coat of finish paint, use a top quality 100% acrylic exterior grade paint on the exterior side. The interior side can be finished with interior grade oil or water base paints. Do not apply the paint in thick coats, two thin coats is better than one thick one. If needed thin the paint sparingly to help the paint flow into a smooth finish.
- Allow the first coat to dry thoroughly and if needed buff the surface with a fine grit sandpaper, steel or plastic wool and vacuum.
- Apply the second coat of finish paint, do not apply the paint in thick coats, two thin coats is better than one thick one.
- Install the hardware and insulation strips.
Please continue to page 2 for more information.
More helpful painting tips, techniques and how-to articles can be found by following these links:
Pantone 2016 Color of the Year ◊ Sherwin-Williams 2016 Color of the Year ◊ How To Paint a Room ◊ How To Paint a Stairway ◊ How To Paint a Two-Story Room ◊ How To Choose Colors ◊ Six Step Color Choice ◊ Popular Color Ideas ◊ How To Choose Paint ◊ Tools ◊ How To Caulk ◊ How To Patch a Hole ◊ How To Patch a Crack ◊ How To Cut In a Wall or Ceiling ◊ How To Roll a Wall or Ceiling ◊ How To Paint Woodwork ◊ How To Paint a Window ◊ How To Paint Baseboard ◊ How To Paint a Door ◊ How To Paint Crown Moulding ◊ How To Paint Kitchen Cabinets ◊ How To Choose a Premium Paintbrush ◊ How To Paint a MDF Bookcase ◊ How To Paint Aluminum or Vinyl Siding ◊ How To Paint Over Faux Finishes ◊ How To Use Magnetic Paint ◊ How To Use FrogTape ◊ How To Paint Repair Water Damaged Drywall ◊ Hiring a Contractor ◊ Paint Stripper Safety ◊ Painting Louvered Shutters ◊ 2013 Color Trends ◊ Choosing Front Door Colors
More details about specific painting subjects are covered in the additional articles. In those will be found details, painting tips and techniques gathered from over 20 years of painting experience. Here is a list of links to the articles: